The NSS Bulletin - ISSN 1090-6924
Volume 41 Number 1: 3-9 - January 1979

A publication of the National Speleological Society

Bat Management in the United States
Thomas M. Lera and Sue Fortune


In 1966, Congress passed legislation which afforded native animals legal protection. This legislation has been twice revised since that time. The Endangered Species Act of 1973 provides not only animals, but, also, plants with what appears to be a reasonable degree of protection. Recent court decisions support the concept and validity of the 1973 Act.

This paper presents the results of a survey of fourteen federal departments and agencies to obtain their interpretations of the 1973 Act and, more specifically, of how bats are protected by these interpretations.

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